Islamic art has developed from a combination of Eastern and Western cultures and yet retains its own identity as an art form. The artistic cultures that primarily influenced Islam artists were Chinese, Roman, Byzantine, Early Christian, and, most importantly, Persian Sassanian art which shares many similarities with ,Islamic art as well as serving an important role in developing Muslim cultures.
One of the most fascinating styles of Islamic art is the arabesque style. These patterns contain flowering plants or abstract designs that are repeated throughout the artwork. For many people, these works serve to highlight the transcendent and infinite nature of God. One of the most interesting things about Islamic art is that the depiction of humans isn't used in worship practices for fear of being considered idolatry. Because of this, patterns and abstract designs were used to portray man's connection with God and the world around them instead of representational art.
Calligraphy is an important element of Islamic art, as well. Two of the main types of script were known as kufic and naskh, which were used for decorating and enhancing many kinds of designs, whether the script was in the form of letters or not.